How we do it-the use of peritoneal patches for reconstruction of vena cava inferior and portal vein in hepatopancreatobiliary surgery

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review



PURPOSE: Extended resections in hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgery frequently require vascular resection to obtain tumor clearance. The use of alloplastic grafts may increase postoperative morbidity due to septic or thrombotic complications. The use of suitable autologous venous interponates (internal jugular vein, great saphenous vein) is frequently associated with additional incisions. The aim of this study was to report on our experience with venous reconstruction using the introperative easily available parietal peritoneum, focusing on key technical aspects.

METHODS: All patients who underwent HPB resections with venous reconstruction using peritoneal patches at our department between January 2017 and November 2021 were included in this retrospective analysis with median follow-up of 2 months (IQR: 1-8 months). We focused on technical aspects of the procedure and evaluated vascular patency and perioperative morbidity.

RESULTS: Parietal peritoneum patches (PPPs) were applied for reconstruction of the inferior vena cava (IVC) (13 patients) and portal vein (PV) (4 patients) during major hepatic (n = 14) or pancreatic (n = 2) resections. There were no cases of postoperative bleeding due to anastomotic leakage. Following PV reconstruction, two patients showed postoperative vascular stenosis after severe pancreatitis with postoperative pancreatic fistula and bile leakage, respectively. In patients with reconstruction of the IVC, no relevant perioperative vascular complications occurred.

CONCLUSIONS: The use of a peritoneal patch for reconstruction of the IVC in HPB surgery is a feasible, effective, and low-cost alternative to alloplastic, xenogenous, or venous grafts. The graft can be easily harvested and tailored to the required size. More evidence is still needed to confirm the safety of this procedure for the portal vein regarding long-term results.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3819-3831
Number of pages13
JournalLangenbeck's archives of surgery
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

External IDs

PubMedCentral PMC9722911
Scopus 85138519257
ORCID /0000-0003-3865-095X/work/119460478



  • Humans, Portal Vein/surgery, Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery, Peritoneum/surgery, Retrospective Studies, Vascular Patency, Postoperative Complications/pathology