Experimental and numerical analysis of damping behavior of iron graphite composite in machine tool joint

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review



Iron graphite (FeGr) composite is a potential design material for machine tools to increase vibration damping without additional energy. Previous studies focused on the isolated composite’s properties rather than their damping effect as a passive damper to assembled components. There is currently no effective model using real mode superposition (RMS) method for demonstrating the damping behavior of FeGr composites in a multi-material structure. This paper presents a local damping description for a finite element model with RMS assuming constant loss factor for all modes to simulate the damping behavior of FeGr composites and their contribution to system damping and a test rig to identify the model parameters for typical machine tool boundary conditions. The influence of FeGr spacers with 0, 20%, 40%, and 60% graphite content on eigenfrequency and on damping of the test rig was measured, and the results were used to identify the damping model. The agreement of eigenfrequencies and damping ratio between measurement and simulation proves the effectiveness of the parameterized damping model predicting the mode-dependent damping behavior of FeGr in machine tool joints. The material analysis indicates that increasing the graphite content of FeGr composites from 0 to 60% amplifies the system damping from 0.03% to 0.6% at first bending mode. The interface pressure in a tightly fastened FeGr joint affects the system damping significantly. When designing machine tools, the surface condition of FeGr composite cannot be overlooked. FeGr dominates system damping and shows better damping performance at high vibration amplitudes.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5586 - 5597
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Vibration and Control
Issue number23-24
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Nov 2022

External IDs

Scopus 85142126161
Mendeley cc5b9a2c-d5cc-3c8b-8e20-16c84b234560
unpaywall 10.1177/10775463221138379
ORCID /0000-0002-9661-2540/work/156338123


Research priority areas of TU Dresden

Subject groups, research areas, subject areas according to Destatis


  • machine tool joint, metal graphite composites, modal matrix modification, mode-dependent damping, passive damping, powder metallurgy, real mode superposition

Library keywords