Effective estimation of battery state-of-health by virtual experiments via transfer- and meta-learning

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review



The continuous monitoring of the state-of-health (SOH) of electric vehicles (EV) represents a problem with great research relevance due to the time-consuming battery cycling and capacity measurements that are usually required to create a SOH estimation model. Instead of the widely used approach of modelling the battery's degradation behaviour with as little cycling effort as possible, the applied SOH monitoring approach is the first of its kind that is solely based on commonly logged battery management system (BMS) signals and does not rely on tedious capacity measurements. These are used to train the digital battery twins, which are subsequently subjected to virtual capacity tests to estimate the SOH. In this work, transfer-learning is applied to increase the data and computational efficiency of the digital battery twins training process to facilitate a real-world application as it enables SOH estimation for unknown ageing states due to the selective parameter initialisation at less than a tenth of the common training time. However, the successful SOH estimation with a mean SOH deviation of 0.05% using transfer-learning still requires the presence of pauses in the dataset. Meta-learning extends the idea of transfer-learning as the baseline model simultaneously takes several ageing states into account. Learning the basic battery-electric behaviour it is forced to preserve a certain level of uncertainty at the same time, which seems crucial for the successful fine-tuning of the model parameters based on three pause-free load profiles resulting in a mean SOH deviation of 0.85%. This optimised virtual SOH experiment framework provides the cornerstone for a scalable and robust estimation of the remaining battery capacity on a pure data basis.


Original languageEnglish
Article number106969
JournalJournal of energy storage
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

External IDs

Scopus 85149434228
Mendeley 4e1b0ef6-af95-34a5-a7e9-fb0e9e376164


Sustainable Development Goals


  • Digital battery twin, Lithium-ion battery (LIB), Meta-learning, State-of-health (SOH), Transfer-learning (TL), Virtual experiment