Early Intubation in Endovascular Therapy for Basilar Artery Occlusion: A Post Hoc Analysis of the BASICS Trial

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review


  • St. Antonius Hospital
  • Erasmus University Medical Center
  • Maastricht University Medical Centre (UMC+)
  • Amsterdam University Medical Centers (UMC)
  • Texas Stroke Institute
  • University of São Paulo Medical School
  • Université Paris Cité
  • Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin
  • University Hospital of Lausanne


BACKGROUND: The optimal anesthetic management for endovascular therapy (EVT) in patients with posterior circulation stroke remains unclear. Our objective was to investigate the impact of early intubation in patients enrolled in the BASICS trial (Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study).

METHODS: BASICS was a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial that compared the efficacy of EVT compared with the best medical care alone in patients with basilar artery occlusion. In this post hoc analysis, early intubation within the first 24 hours of the estimated time of basilar artery occlusion was examined as an additional covariate using regression modeling. We estimated the adjusted relative risks (RRs) for favorable outcomes, defined as modified Rankin Scale scores of 0 to 3 at 90 days. An adjusted common odds ratio was estimated for a shift in the distribution of modified Rankin Scale scores at 90 days.

RESULTS: Of 300 patients in BASICS, 289 patients were eligible for analysis (151 in the EVT group and 138 in the best medical care group). compared with medical care alone, EVT was related to a higher risk of early intubation (RR, 1.29 [95% CI, 1.09-1.53]; P<0.01), and early intubation was negatively associated with favorable outcome (RR, 0.61 [95% CI, 0.45-0.84]; P=0.002). Whereas there was no overall treatment effect of EVT on favorable outcome (RR, 1.22 [95% CI, 0.95-1.55]; P=0.121), EVT was associated with favorable outcome (RR, 1.34 [95% CI, 1.05-1.71]; P=0.018) and a shift toward lower modified Rankin Scale scores (adjusted common odds ratio, 1.63 [95% CI, 1.04-2.57]; P=0.033) if adjusted for early intubation.

CONCLUSIONS: In this post hoc analysis of the neutral BASICS trial, early intubation was linked to unfavorable outcomes, which might mitigate a potential benefit from EVT by indirect effects due to an increased risk of early intubation. This relationship may be considered when assessing the efficacy of EVT in patients with basilar artery occlusion in future trials.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2745-2754
Number of pages10
Issue number11
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Sept 2023

External IDs

Scopus 85175444389
ORCID /0000-0001-7465-8700/work/150329231



  • Humans, Basilar Artery/surgery, Stroke/therapy, Arterial Occlusive Diseases/surgery, Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects, Intubation, Intratracheal, Treatment Outcome, Thrombectomy

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