Design for TRL – Technologiereifes Design entlang von Entwicklungsprozessen der angewandten Forschung

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleContributedpeer-review



This paper describes the development of a process for systematically involving designers in research and development work in the context of applied, technology-oriented research and transfer issues. Design is increasingly indispensable in many areas of life and is widely established as a discipline in industrial development processes. Design is also becoming increasingly important for applied research, as it can help to realise the path of technologies into the market. Technology readiness levels (TRL) allow a standardised assessment of the technology and provide information about its maturity and transferability into a market-relevant implementation. Despite this standardised assessment, in practice non-involved persons often judge subjectively – preferably on the basis of external impressions and in comparison with personal experience rather than objective criteria. The study examines this discrepancy, tests design methods in six projects, and discusses findings. A process is proposed that can ensure a balance of technological and design maturity through structured design methodological support.

Translated title of the contribution
Design for TRL – Technologically Mature Design Along Development Processes of Applied Research


Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)464-475
Number of pages12
JournalStuttgarter Symposium fur Produktentwicklung
Publication statusPublished - 2023


Title2023 Stuttgart Symposium for Product Development
SubtitleProduktentwicklung in volatilen Zeiten
Abbreviated titleSSP 2023
Conference number7
Duration25 May 2023
LocationFraunhofer-Institut für Arbeitswirtschaft und Organisation IAO

External IDs

ORCID /0009-0000-4965-8303/work/153109300
ORCID /0000-0002-7977-5006/work/153110109
ORCID /0000-0003-2862-9196/work/153110471



  • Applied Research, Demonstrator, Development Process, Industrial Design, TRL