Correlation of Molecular Status with Preoperative Olfactory Function in Olfactory Groove Meningioma

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PURPOSE: The study aims to examine the possible correlation between genomic alterations and preoperative olfactory function in patients with olfactory groove meningioma (OGM), due to the frequent presence of olfactory impairment.

METHODS: We utilised next-generation sequencing to analyse samples from 22 individuals with OGM in order to detect driver mutations. Tumour morphology was assessed using preoperative imaging, whereas olfactory function was examined using Sniffin' Sticks.

RESULTS: In a study of 22 OGM patients, mutations were as follows: 10 with SMO/SUFU, 7 with AKT1, and 5 as wild type. Planum sphenoidale hyperostosis (PSH) was present in 75% of patients, showing significant variation by mutation ( p = 0.048). Tumour volumes, averaging 25 cm 3, significantly differed among groups. PSH negatively impacted olfaction, notably affecting odour threshold, discrimination, identification, and global olfactory performance score (TDI) ( p values ranging from <0.001 to 0.003). Perifocal oedema was associated with lower TDI ( p = 0.009) and altered threshold scores ( p = 0.038). Age over 65 and female gender were linked to lower thresholds and discrimination scores ( p = 0.037 and p = 0.019).

CONCLUSION: The study highlights PSH and perifocal oedema's significant effect on olfactory function in OGM patients but finds no link between olfactory impairment and tumour mutations, possibly due to the small sample size. This suggests that age and gender affect olfactory impairment. Additional research with a larger group of participants is needed to explore the impact of OGM driver mutations on olfactory performance.


Original languageEnglish
Article number1595
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2024

External IDs

ORCID /0000-0001-9713-0183/work/158767908
PubMed 38672677
unpaywall 10.3390/cancers16081595
Scopus 85191591652