Comparison methods of energy system frameworks, models and scenario results

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleContributedpeer-review


  • Matteo Giacomo Prina - , EURAC Research, Institute for Renewable Energy (First author)
  • Benedetto Nastasi - , University of Rome La Sapienza (Author)
  • Daniele Groppi - , University of Rome La Sapienza (Author)
  • Steffi Misconel - , Chair of Business Administration, esp Energy Economics (Author)
  • Davide Astiaso Garcia - , University of Rome La Sapienza (Author)
  • Wolfram Sparber - , EURAC Research, Institute for Renewable Energy (Author)


Energy system modeling has a central role in assessing the future energy system and helping policy makers to set
targets and subsidizing mechanisms. In the years, different energy system models have been developed with the
aim of supporting political decision-makers in the design of energy policies. It is relevant to compare and cross-
validate these models in order to add robustness to the final results and technical feasibility of the identified
transition pathways. Two main methods to compare these models exist i) comparison of the technical features
and characteristics of the models and ii) comparison of the final results. While there are several reviews focusing
on the comparison of models based on their technical characteristics and features, to the authors’ knowledge, no
review article exists on comparison techniques based on final results. The scope of this paper is to carry out a
review of existing methods and techniques to compare energy system frameworks, models, and scenario results
regarding their final results


Original languageEnglish
Article number112719
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Issue number167
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

External IDs

Scopus 85133950878
WOS 000830903100008
Mendeley 2d2e3b5b-8269-32f8-b00f-d68321e9b32b
ORCID /0000-0003-2005-4316/work/142241845


Sustainable Development Goals


  • Comparison, Energy system modeling, Framework, Model, Scenario results