Co-design: Working with farmers in Europe to halt the loss of biological diversity

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review



Biodiversity loss in European agricultural landscapes is progressing rapidly despite a growing number of conservation efforts. One of the reasons for this is that farmers do not have enough decision-making power and do not receive adequate advice to tailor conservation measures to local conditions and regional biodiversity targets. In this paper, we therefore address the potential and practical implementation of co-designing conservation measures through close collaboration between farmers and other stakeholders (e.g. other practitioners, conservation experts, agricultural advisors, scientists and policymakers). Based on interviews with four researchers from ongoing European co-design projects, one national and one European farmers’ organizations, we discuss the challenges and provide recommendations for co-design in the context of biodiversity conservation in agricultural landscapes. Our aim is to reach scientists, practitioners and local decision makers working on innovative and locally adapted conservation efforts.


Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12169
JournalEcological Solutions and Evidence
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 2022

External IDs

WOS 000848270300001
Mendeley 30b9ebc1-60c1-3698-b479-b2bf3f76854c
Scopus 85139171163
ORCID /0000-0001-7092-1380/work/142235863
ORCID /0000-0003-0867-7828/work/142242760



  • agriculture, agri-environmental measures, biodiversity, co-creation, co-design, conservation, co-production, landscape, participation, stakeholder

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