Backgound Aims: This meta-analysis aims at summarizing the whole body of research on cell therapies for acute myocardial infarction (MI) in the mouse model to bring forward ongoing research in this field of regenerative medicine. Despite rather modest effects in clinical trials, pre-clinical studies continue to report beneficial effects of cardiac cell therapies for cardiac repair following acute ischemic injury. Results: The authors’ meta-analysis of data from 166 mouse studies comprising 257 experimental groups demonstrated a significant improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction of 10.21% after cell therapy compared with control animals. Subgroup analysis indicated that second-generation cell therapies such as cardiac progenitor cells and pluripotent stem cell derivatives had the highest therapeutic potential for minimizing myocardial damage post-MI. Conclusions: Whereas the vision of functional tissue replacement has been replaced by the concept of regional scar modulation in most of the investigated studies, rather basic methods for assessing cardiac function were most frequently used. Hence, future studies will highly benefit from integrating methods for assessment of regional wall properties to evolve a deeper understanding of how to modulate cardiac healing after acute MI.
|Number of pages
|Published - Jun 2023
Subject groups, research areas, subject areas according to Destatis
Sustainable Development Goals
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- cardiac cell therapy, meta-analysis, mouse, myocardial infarction