C³ technology demonstration house - CUBE, "From digital model to realization"

Research output: Contribution to book/conference proceedings/anthology/reportConference contributionContributedpeer-review


The large industry-based C3-research project (Carbon Concrete Composite) focuses on the
development and application of carbon-reinforced concrete for structures and their components. The C3 technology demonstration house – CUBE –represents a big part of its results. It is assumed to be the world’s first building which is entirely constructed of non-metallic, carbon reinforced concrete. The erection of the house shows that the C3 construction method with its entire process chain can be implemented in practice. The paper describes the development of the required building information model for the CUBE house and the relevant interconnections among the data. Important to this approach is the utilization of the parametric graphical algorithm editor Grasshopper integrated with Rhino's 3-D modelling tools, which was selected for the project development. The BIM model is developed hierarchically; thus, it contains the main geometrical information that forms the basic architectural outlines of the building along with a sequence of required quantities and attributes. But also, it has all – up to the smallest – reinforcing parts that are linked in a parametric manner to the major guiding input parameters of the building. Finally, the information model of the building supports the preparation of CAM data considering manufacturing constraints provided by the partners of the project. It is shown that the model plays a key role in the realization of the CUBE house.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInspiring the next Generation. Conference proceedings.
EditorsAlireza Behnejad, Gerard Parke, Omidali Samavati
Place of PublicationGuildford
PublisherSpatial Structures Research Centre (SSRC), University of Surrey
Number of pages11
ISBN (print)9781739939335
Publication statusPublished - 2022


TitleIASS Annual Symposium 2020/21 and the 7th International Conference on Spatial Structures
SubtitleInspiring the Next Generation
Conference number
Duration23 - 27 August 2021
Degree of recognitionInternational event
CountryBritish Indian Ocean Territory

External IDs

ORCID /0000-0003-4807-8387/work/142242736
ORCID /0000-0002-1596-7164/work/142255688



  • carbon reinforced concrete (CRC), textile reinforced concrete (TRC), shell structure, Rhinoceros, Grasshopper, parametric design, Building Information Model (BIM), 3D model, non-metallic reinforcement, house