Are Attitudes towards COVID-19 Pandemic Related to Subjective Physical and Mental Health?

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In this paper, we investigate the relationship between a person’s psychological distress, subjective physical health and their attitudes towards the COVID-19 pandemic. The evaluation was performed on the basis of data from two waves of the Saxon Longitudinal Study, carried out in 2019 (pre-pandemic) and 2021. The number of study participants in both waves was 291. We tested in autoregressive cross-lagged models the stability of the respondents’ health status before and during the pandemic and reviewed their influence on attitudes towards COVID-19. Our results show that COVID-19-related concerns are controlled by subjective physical health, while pandemic denial is linked to psychological distress. In an unknown and critical situation, with limited control over the situation, the strategy of avoidance or suppression may be used by individuals for protection by psychologically downplaying the stressor and danger.


Original languageEnglish
Article number14538
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2022

External IDs

Scopus 85141567413
WOS 000883899500001


Research priority areas of TU Dresden

Subject groups, research areas, subject areas according to Destatis

Sustainable Development Goals


  • COVID-19 anxiety, COVID-19 pandemic, Germany, Longitudinal data, Pandemic denial