Applications of Graphene in Five Senses, Nervous System, and Artificial Muscles

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleContributedpeer-review


  • Jinbo Pang - , University of Jinan (Author)
  • Songang Peng - , CAS - Institute of Microelectronics (Author)
  • Chongyang Hou - , University of Jinan (Author)
  • Hongbin Zhao - , General Research Institute for Non-ferrous Metals China (Author)
  • Yingju Fan - , University of Jinan (Author)
  • Chen Ye - , University of Jinan (Author)
  • Nuo Zhang - , University of Jinan (Author)
  • Ting Wang - , Qilu University of Technology (Author)
  • Yu Cao - , Northeast Dianli University (Author)
  • Weijia Zhou - , University of Jinan (Author)
  • Ding Sun - , Jilin Jianzhu University (Author)
  • Kai Wang - , Qingdao University (Author)
  • Mark H. Rümmeli - , Chair of Experimental Solid State Physics, Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden, College of Energy, Soochow University, Polish Academy of Sciences, TUD Dresden University of Technology, Center for Energy and Environmental Technologies, VŠB – Technical University of Ostrava (Author)
  • Hong Liu - , University of Jinan, Shandong University (Author)
  • Gianaurelio Cuniberti - , Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (cfaed), Chair of Materials Science and Nanotechnology (Author)


Graphene remains of great interest in biomedical applications because of biocompatibility. Diseases relating to human senses interfere with life satisfaction and happiness. Therefore, the restoration by artificial organs or sensory devices may bring a bright future by the recovery of senses in patients. In this review, we update the most recent progress in graphene based sensors for mimicking human senses such as artificial retina for image sensors, artificial eardrums, gas sensors, chemical sensors, and tactile sensors. The brain-like processors are discussed based on conventional transistors as well as memristor related neuromorphic computing. The brain-machine interface is introduced for providing a single pathway. Besides, the artificial muscles based on graphene are summarized in the means of actuators in order to react to the physical world. Future opportunities remain for elevating the performances of human-like sensors and their clinical applications.


Original languageEnglish
JournalACS sensors
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


Sustainable Development Goals


  • actuators, artificial eardrums, artificial retina, artificial throat, biochemical sensors, gas sensors, graphene, memristors, processors, sensory nervous systems