In this research article, a concept for a secondary RAdio Direction And Ranging (RADAR) angle of arrival based system with cooperative targets transmitting at 2.4 GHz and using Multiple Signal Classification (MuSiC) to determine the angles of incidence is investigated. In addition to introducing common algorithms and presenting thorough derivations, the system is first examined through simulations. To prove the concept, hardware, firmware, and software are developed. For MuSiC, we propose three novel methods to obtain the correct incident angle from the spectrum, especially in strong multipath environments. These methods work either for a single spectrum or for a combination recorded at multiple times. Together with the estimated angles of incidence, our methods determine measures on the respective likelihoods. Based on this, we additionally propose two algorithms for computing the final position. Our system is characterized in both a simple 20 m × 15 m outdoor and a 17 m × 13 m multipath indoor environment, where we achieve a mean angular error of 3° and a mean positioning error of 0.67 m for the former using only four base stations with four antennas each. Our novel approach shows position accuracy improvements of 15% outdoors and 25% indoors compared to classical MuSiC estimation.
|Number of pages||41|
|Journal||ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2023|
Research priority areas of TU Dresden
DFG Classification of Subject Areas according to Review Boards
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- own, dissertation, firstauthor, journal, Positioning, secondary RADAR, Angle of arrival, Fast Fourier Transform, Multiple signal classification, Phase difference, Spectrum, Incident angle, Relevance, Direction of arrival, AoA, Weighting, Fft, MuSiC, Quality, DoA, Area ratio, Localization