An effective formaldehyde gas sensor based on oxygen-rich three-dimensional graphene

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review


  • Shu Zhang - , Shandong University, University of Jinan (Author)
  • Jinbo Pang - , Shandong University (Author)
  • Yufen Li - , Shandong University (Author)
  • Bergoi Ibarlucea - , Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (cfaed), Max Bergmann Center of Biomaterials Dresden (Author)
  • Yu Liu - , Soochow University (Author)
  • Ting Wang - , Qilu University of Technology (Author)
  • Xiaoyan Liu - , Shandong University (Author)
  • Songang Peng - , CAS - Institute of Microelectronics (Author)
  • Thomas Gemming - , Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden (Author)
  • Qilin Cheng - , Shandong University (Author)
  • Hong Liu - , Shandong University (Author)
  • Jiali Yang - , Shandong University (Author)
  • Gianaurelio Cuniberti - , Chair of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (cfaed), Dresden Center for Computational Materials Science (DCMS) (Author)
  • Weijia Zhou - , Shandong University (Author)
  • Mark H. Rümmeli - , Soochow University, Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden, Polish Academy of Sciences, VŠB – Technical University of Ostrava (Author)


Three-dimensional (3D) graphene with a high specific surface area and excellent electrical conductivity holds extraordinary potential for molecular gas sensing. Gas molecules adsorbed onto graphene serve as electron donors, leading to an increase in conductivity. However, several challenges remain for 3D graphene-based gas sensors, such as slow response and long recovery time. Therefore, research interest remains in the promotion of the sensitivity of molecular gas detection. In this study, we fabricate oxygen plasma-treated 3D graphene for the high-performance gas sensing of formaldehyde. We synthesize large-area, high-quality, 3D graphene over Ni foam by chemical vapor deposition and obtain freestanding 3D graphene foam after Ni etching. We compare three types of strategies - non-treatment, oxygen plasma, and etching in HNO3 solution - for the posttreatment of 3D graphene. Eventually, the strategy for oxygen plasma-treated 3D graphene exceeds expectations, which may highlight the general gas sensing based on chemiresistors.


Original languageEnglish
Article number185702
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2022

External IDs

PubMed 35078155
ORCID /0000-0002-9899-1409/work/142249201


Research priority areas of TU Dresden

DFG Classification of Subject Areas according to Review Boards


  • 3D graphene, chemical vapor deposition, chemiresistors, gas sensing, oxygen plasma treatments