AIT in pediatric allergology: Opportunities and difficulties on the home stretch of the Therapy Allergen Ordinance

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleContributedpeer-review


  • Christian Vogelberg - , Department of Paediatrics, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden (Author)
  • Michael Gerstlauer - , University Hospital Augsburg (Author)


Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) is the only causal therapy for allergic diseases and therefore particularly important. Allergen preparations have been classified as medicinal products since 1989 (Directive 89/342/EEC) and were taken over into Directive 2001/83/EC in 2001. In addition, in 2008 the Therapy Allergen Ordinance (TAO) came into force to stricter regulate the exception for named patient products (NPP) by exclusion of common therapy allergens from the exception to be marketed as NPP. The TAO regulates the requirements for testing safety and efficacy for these common therapy allergens. Due to the long transitional provisions, the last deadlines for solving clinical shortcomings will end in 2026. The advantage of this regulation is that the market for common allergens has been cleared of products without proof of efficacy, and new preparations with an optimal dose range are developed through dose-finding studies. The demand for long-term pediatric studies has been outlined by the standard Pediatric Investigation Plan (PIP) on allergen products from the Pediatric Committee of the EMA (PDCO). This is particularly problematic, as it is foreseeable that recruitment of patients will be limited and ethical problems arise from the prolonged use of placebo. Furthermore, many newly approved preparations will not be used in pediatrics for the foreseeable future, as no marketing authorization has yet been granted for this age group. This will result in a serious supply gap for children.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-241
Number of pages6
JournalAllergologie select
Publication statusPublished - 2023

External IDs

PubMedCentral PMC10740145