Adverse Impact of Harmonic and Interharmonic Supply Voltage Distortion on Mass-Market Electrical Appliances

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleInvitedpeer-review


This article presents the results of the immunity evaluation of mass-market electrical appliances subjected to harmonic and interharmonic distortion of the supply voltage. Therefore, the immunity of twenty selected single-phase electrical appliances is evaluated within a comprehensive framework that considers perceptible malfunctions and long-term adverse impacts. Furthermore, a specially designed test procedure is employed to optimize the characterization of appliances with variable operating states and to ensure the reproducibility of results. In light of that, the feasibility of increasing compatibility levels for harmonics and interharmonics is discussed. The results shall serve as input for the ongoing discussion about appropriate compatibility levels in low voltage networks acceptable to all stakeholders.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-405
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE open access journal of power and energy : an open access publication of the IEEE Power & Energy Society
Publication statusPublished - 2023

External IDs

unpaywall 10.1109/oajpe.2023.3239733
Scopus 85147278971
ORCID /0000-0001-8439-7786/work/142244174


Research priority areas of TU Dresden

DFG Classification of Subject Areas according to Review Boards

Subject groups, research areas, subject areas according to Destatis


  • Electrical products, electromagnetic compatibility, Harmonic analysis, Harmonic distortion, household appliances, IEC Standards, Immunity testing, immunity testing, power quality, power system harmonics, Proposals, Thermal stresses, Electromagnetic compatibility