A Wireless Rowing Measurement System for Improving the Rowing Performance of Athletes

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review


The rowing technique is a key factor in the overall rowing performance. Nowadays the athletes' performance is so advanced that even small differences in technique can have an impact on sport competitions. To further improve the athletes' performance, individualized rowing is necessary. This can be achieved by intelligent measurement technology that provides direct feedback. To address this issue, we developed a novel wireless rowing measurement system (WiRMS) that acquires rowing movement and measures muscle activity using electromyography (EMG). Our measurement system is able to measure several parameters simultaneously: the rowing forces, the pressure distribution on the scull, the oar angles, the seat displacement and the boat acceleration. WiRMS was evaluated in a proof-of-concept study with seven experienced athletes performing a training on water. Evaluation results showed that WiRMS is able to assess the rower's performance by recording the rower's movement and force applied to the scull. We found significant correlations ( p < 0.001) between stroke rate and drive-to-recovery ratio. By incorporating EMG data, a precise temporal assignment of the activated muscles and their contribution to the rowing motion was possible. Furthermore, we were able to show that the rower applies the force to the scull mainly with the index and middle fingers.


Original languageEnglish
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2023

External IDs

unpaywall 10.3390/s23031060
PubMed 36772102
Mendeley 6ba8853a-ff9e-300f-9858-4d76e32fb715
Scopus 85147967161
ORCID /0000-0003-2214-6505/work/146646228



  • Humans, Biomechanical Phenomena, Ergometry/methods, Water Sports/physiology, Athletes, Athletic Performance/physiology, rowing, surface EMG, feedback training, movement analysis