A three-level framework for performance-based railway timetabling

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review



The performance of railway operations depends highly on the quality of the railway timetable. In particular for dense railway networks it can be challenging to obtain a stable robust conflict-free and energy-efficient timetable with acceptable infrastructure occupation and short journey times. This paper presents a performance-based railway timetabling framework integrating timetable construction and evaluation on three levels: microscopic, macroscopic, and a corridor fine-tuning level, where each performance indicator is optimized or evaluated at the appropriate level. A modular implementation of the three-level framework is presented and demonstrated on a case study on the Dutch railway network illustrating the feasibility of this approach to achieve the highest timetabling design level.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-83
Number of pages22
JournalTransportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

External IDs

ORCID /0000-0003-4111-2255/work/142246333


Sustainable Development Goals


  • Energy efficiency, Micro-macro, Railway timetabling, Robustness, Stability