A review on graphene-based sensors for tactile applications

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleContributedpeer-review


  • Shan He - , Zhejiang Ocean University, Flinders University, Charles Darwin University (Author)
  • Yao Ma - , Charles Darwin University (Author)
  • Granthana Maulik - , University of Queensland, Charles Darwin University (Author)
  • Matt Jellicoe - , Flinders University, Charles Darwin University (Author)
  • Anindya Nag - , Junior Professorship in Haptic Sensors, Chemnitz University of Technology, Charles Darwin University (Author)
  • Warwick Powell - , TUD Dresden University of Technology, Charles Darwin University (Author)
  • Shanggui Deng - , Zhejiang Ocean University, Charles Darwin University (Author)
  • Jiayue Fang - , Queensland University of Technology, Charles Darwin University (Author)
  • Yixiao Wu - , Nanjing Agricultural University, Charles Darwin University (Author)


This paper presents a substantial review of the development and utilization of graphene-based flexible sensors. Graphene, being the most influential nanomaterial, has been widely exploited in different physicochemical forms to synthesize sensing prototypes. The excellent electromechanical properties of graphene have allowed the sensing prototypes to be used for a varied spectrum of industrial applications. This paper depicts the use of three different forms of graphene, pure graphene, graphene oxide, and reduced graphene oxide, to form the sensors. The formation of the graphene-based sensors was carried out using certain printing techniques that were able to produce thin films. These sensors have been used in applications associated with robotic tactile applications. Along with showcasing significant examples of the utilization of graphene-based sensors, the paper also explains some of the challenges existing in the current scenario and their possible remedies in the final section of the paper.


Original languageEnglish
Article number115363
JournalSensors and Actuators A: Physical
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2024