Engineered neural tissues serve as models for studying neurological conditions and drug screening. Besides observing the cellular physiological properties, in situ monitoring of neurochemical concentrations with cellular spatial resolution in such neural tissues can provide additional valuable insights in models of disease and drug efficacy. In this work, we demonstrate the first three-dimensional (3D) tissue cultures with embedded optical dopamine (DA) sensors. We developed an alginate/Pluronic F127 based bio-ink for human dopaminergic brain tissue printing with tetrapodal-shaped-ZnO microparticles (t-ZnO) additive as the DA sensor. DA quenches the autofluorescence of t-ZnO in physiological environments, and the reduction of the fluorescence intensity serves as an indicator of the DA concentration. The neurons that were 3D printed with the t-ZnO showed good viability, and extensive 3D neural networks were formed within one week after printing. The t-ZnO could sense DA in the 3D printed neural network with a detection limit of 0.137 μM. The results are a first step toward integrating tissue engineering with intensiometric biosensing for advanced artificial tissue/organ monitoring.
|Number of pages
|Biosensors and Bioelectronics
|Published - 15 Feb 2023
Research priority areas of TU Dresden
Sustainable Development Goals
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 3D bioprinting, Bioink development, Biosensing, Dopamine, Neural tissue engineering, t-ZnO, Bioprinting, Tissue Engineering/methods, Humans, Biosensing Techniques, Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry, Zinc Oxide, Printing, Three-Dimensional