Quality of Life in NSCLC Survivors - A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung


  • Marlene Hechtner - , Soroka Medical Center (Autor:in)
  • Martin Eichler - , Universitäts KrebsCentrum Dresden, Soroka Medical Center (Autor:in)
  • Beatrice Wehler - , Soroka Medical Center (Autor:in)
  • Roland Buhl - , Soroka Medical Center (Autor:in)
  • Martin Sebastian - , Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt (Autor:in)
  • Jan Stratmann - , Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt (Autor:in)
  • Heinz Schmidberger - , Soroka Medical Center (Autor:in)
  • Bernhard Gohrbandt - , Marienhaus Klinikum Mainz (Autor:in)
  • Jessica Peuser - , Marienhaus Klinikum Mainz (Autor:in)
  • Cornelius Kortsik - , Marienhaus Klinikum Mainz (Autor:in)
  • Ursula Nestle - , Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg (Autor:in)
  • Sebastian Wiesemann - , Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg (Autor:in)
  • Hubert Wirtz - , Universitätsklinikum Leipzig (Autor:in)
  • Thomas Wehler - , Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes (Autor:in)
  • Robert Bals - , Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes (Autor:in)
  • Maria Blettner - , Soroka Medical Center (Autor:in)
  • Susanne Singer - , Soroka Medical Center (Autor:in)


INTRODUCTION: The objective was to assess quality of life (QoL) in lung cancer survivors, compare it to the general population, and identify factors associated with global QoL, physical functioning, emotional functioning, fatigue, pain, and dyspnea.

METHODS: Data from NSCLC patients who had survived 1 year or longer after diagnosis were collected cross-sectionally in a multicenter study. QoL was assessed with the European Organisation for the Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ)-C30 and the lung cancer module QLQ-LC13 across different clinical subgroups and compared to age- and sex-standardized general population reference values. Multivariable linear regression analyses were performed to test the associations of patient-, tumor-, and treatment-related factors with the six primary QoL scales.

RESULTS: Six hundred fifty-seven NSCLC patients participated in the study with a median time since diagnosis of 3.7 years (range, 1.0-21.2 years). Compared to the age- and sex-standardized general population, clinically meaningful differences in the QoL detriment were found on almost all domains: lung cancer survivors had clinically relevant poorer global QoL (10 points, p < 0.001). Whereas in 12 months or longer treatment-free patients this detriment was small (8.3), it was higher in patients currently in treatment (16.0). Regarding functioning and symptom scales, respective detriments were largest for dyspnea (41 points), role function (33 points), fatigue (27 points), social function (27 points), physical function (24 points), and insomnia (21 points) observed across all subgroups. The main factor associated with poorer QoL in all primary QoL scales was mental distress (β |19-31|, all p < 0.001). Detriments in QoL across multiple primary QoL scales were also observed with current treatment (β |8-12|, p < 0.01), respiratory comorbidity (β |4-5|, p < 0.01), and living on a disability pension (β |10-11|, p < 0.01). The main factor associated with better QoL in almost all primary QoL scales was higher physical activity (β |10-20|, p < 0.001). Better QoL was also observed in patients with high income (β |10-14|, p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Lung cancer survivors experience both functional restrictions and symptoms that persist long term after active treatment ends. This substantiates the importance of providing long-term supportive care.


Seiten (von - bis)420-435
FachzeitschriftJournal of Thoracic Oncology
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - März 2019

Externe IDs

Scopus 85060102247
ORCID /0000-0001-9654-2207/work/142254140


Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung


  • Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology, Combined Modality Therapy, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Lung Neoplasms/pathology, Male, Middle Aged, Prognosis, Quality of Life, Surveys and Questionnaires, Survival Rate, Survivors/statistics & numerical data