Parent–child interactive behavior in a German sample of parents with and without a mental illness: model replication and adaption of the Coding Interactive Behavior system

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung


  • Julia Fahrer - , Philipps-Universität Marburg, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen (Autor:in)
  • Philipp Doebler - , Technische Universität (TU) Dortmund (Autor:in)
  • Klara Hagelweide - , Technische Universität (TU) Dortmund (Autor:in)
  • Pius Kern - , Philipps-Universität Marburg (Autor:in)
  • Nora Nonnenmacher - , Universität Heidelberg (Autor:in)
  • Vanessa Seipp - , Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen (Autor:in)
  • Corinna Reck - , Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU) (Autor:in)
  • Christina Schwenck - , Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen (Autor:in)
  • Sarah Weigelt - , Technische Universität (TU) Dortmund (Autor:in)
  • Anna Lena Zietlow - , Professur für Klinische Kinder- und Jugendpsychologie, Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg (Autor:in)
  • Hanna Christiansen - , Philipps-Universität Marburg (Autor:in)


Studies using observational measures often fail to meet statistical standards for both reliability and validity. The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Coding Interactive Behavior (CIB) System within a German sample of parent–child dyads. The sample consisted of 149 parents with and without a mental illness and their children [n experimental group (EG) = 75, n control group (CG) = 74] who participated in the larger Children of Mentally Ill Parents at Risk Evaluation (COMPARE) study. The age of the children ranged from 3 to 12 years (M = 7.99, SD = 2.5). Exploratory factor analysis supported a five-factor model of the CIB with items describing 1) parental sensitivity/reciprocity, 2) parental intrusiveness, 3) child withdrawal, 4) child involvement, and 5) parent limit setting/child compliance. Compared to international samples, the model was reduced by two independent dyadic factors. Testing for predictive validity identified seven items with predictive power to differentiate parental group membership. The CIB factors did not seem to be sufficiently sensitive to illustrate differences in interaction within a sample of parents with various mental illnesses. To apply the CIB to the described sample or similar ones in the future, additional measurement instruments may be necessary.


FachzeitschriftFrontiers in psychiatry
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2024

Externe IDs

ORCID /0000-0002-7278-5711/work/161888016



  • behavior observation, CIB, Coding Interactive Behavior, factor analysis, factorial structure, parent-child interaction, parents with a mental illness, psychometric properties