Mini-review of waste-to-energy related air pollution and their limit value regulations in an international comparison

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftÜbersichtsartikel (Review)BeigetragenBegutachtung


The concept of circular economy supports mitigation of climate change and other environmental pressures to the planet. Circulating materials in anthropogenic processes come with the risk of accumulating hazardous substances and compounds. In this concept, waste incineration or waste-to-energy (WtE) is a necessary technology to remove these compounds from the life cycle. In this mini-review, contaminants of major importance in the flue gas from waste incineration plants and their environmental impact are discussed. Air pollution of WtE is often seen as the most relevant environmental impact of this treatment option. The emission values parameter set for different countries is presented and compared. The most stringent legally set of emission values could be found in parts of Europe and South Korea. Japan also permits similar strict values when authorising individual incineration plants. In North America, the values are partially less strict as the best available technologies in Europe suggest being possible. Emerging economies, such as India and China, have shown efforts to improve their environmental protection standards but still have room to improve. This could be set in relation to other industrial emitting processes and therefore could be used to assess the relevance of this industry sector to the national emission inventories.


Seiten (von - bis)849-858
FachzeitschriftWaste Management and Research
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Juli 2022

Externe IDs

PubMed 34823392
ORCID /0000-0001-9506-6077/work/142251620
ORCID /0000-0002-0703-0275/work/142255727
ORCID /0000-0001-5081-2558/work/142255754



  • air pollution control, emission, limit values, regulation, Waste incineration, waste-to-energy