Induction of heme oxygenase-1 is linked to the severity of disease in human abdominal aortic aneurysm

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung



BACKGROUND: Rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) is associated with high case fatality rates, and risk of rupture increases with the AAA diameter. Heme oxygenase-1 (gene HMOX1, protein HO-1) is a stress-induced protein and induction has protective effects in the vessel wall. HMOX1−/− mice are more susceptible to angiotensin II-induced AAA formation, but the regulation in human nonruptured and ruptured AAA is only poorly understood. Our hypothesis proposed that HO-1 is reduced in AAA and lowering is inversely associated with the AAA diameter. METHODS AND RESULTS: AAA walls from patients undergoing elective open repair (eAAA) or surgery because of rupture (rAAA) were analyzed for aortic HMOX1/HO-1 expression by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. Aortas from patients with aortic occlusive disease served as controls. HMOX1/HO-1 expression was 1.1-to 7.6-fold upregu-lated in eAAA and rAAA. HO-1 expression was 3-fold higher in eAAA specimen with a diameter >84.4 mm, whereas HO-1 was not different in rAAA. Other variables that are known for associations with AAA and HO-1 induction were tested. In eAAA, HO-1 expression was negatively correlated with aortic collagen content and oxidative stress parameters H2 O2 release, oxidized proteins, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances. Serum HO-1 concentrations were analyzed in patients with eAAA, and maximum values were found in an aortic diameter of 55 to 70 mm with no further increase >70 mm, compared with <55 mm. CONCLUSIONS: Aortic HO-1 expression was increased in eAAA and rAAA. HO-1 increased with the severity of disease but was additionally connected to less oxidative stress and vasoprotective mechanisms.


FachzeitschriftJournal of the American Heart Association
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 19 Okt. 2021

Externe IDs

PubMed 34622673
ORCID /0000-0001-7803-1972/work/142235084


Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung


  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm, Heme oxygenase, Rupture