From Qualification to Competencies: Defining a Task-Based Competency Profile for E-Tutors in Higher Education

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung


The objective of the study was to develop the Teacher Competency Model for Education 4.0 (TCMEdu4.0) based on the Malaysian perspective. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was applied to ascertain the core factors whereas Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was conducted to investigate the measurement models. There were 559 and 998 respondents engaged in the survey for EFA and CFA respectively. With normed x² = 4.125, TLI = .948, CFI = .953 and RMSEA = .056, the analysis yielded a six factor TCMEdu4 namely, Self-management and Interactive Competency, Functional and Research Competency, Pedagogical Psychology and Assessment, Leading Learning and Mentoring, Technological and Digital Competency, and Problem Solving. TCMEdu4.0 would provide direction for educational practitioners not only in Malaysia but also those countries with the similar background as Malaysia in designing training programmes whereby resources can be targeted accurately so that teachers can be equipped with essential competencies and bring teaching and learning to a transformational edge.


Seiten (von - bis)109-129
Fachzeitschrift International journal of management in education : IJMIE
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2023