Fabrication of Chemofluidic Integrated Circuits by Multi-Material Printing

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung



Photolithographic patterning of components and integrated circuits based on active polymers for microfluidics is challenging and not always efficient on a laboratory scale using the traditional mask-based fabrication procedures. Here, we present an alternative manufacturing process based on multi-material 3D printing that can be used to print various active polymers in microfluidic structures that act as microvalves on large-area substrates efficiently in terms of processing time and consumption of active materials with a single machine. Based on the examples of two chemofluidic valve types, hydrogel-based closing valves and PEG-based opening valves, the respective printing procedures, essential influencing variables and special features are discussed, and the components are characterized with regard to their properties and tolerances. The functionality of the concept is demonstrated by a specific chemofluidic chip which automates an analysis procedure typical of clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine. Multi-material 3D printing allows active-material devices to be produced on chip substrates with tolerances comparable to photolithography but is faster and very flexible for small quantities of up to about 50 chips.


PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 22 März 2023

Externe IDs

PubMed 36985107
Mendeley d62744e7-29c5-3c8f-8307-22a524525a22
WOS 000960125700001
ORCID /0000-0002-8588-9755/work/142246740



  • chemofluidics, closing and opening valve, hydrogel, microfluidics, PEG, printing, Printing, Peg, Closing and opening valve, Chemofluidics, Hydrogel, Microfluidics