Direct image to subtype prediction for brain tumors using deep learning

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung



BACKGROUND: Deep Learning (DL) can predict molecular alterations of solid tumors directly from routine histopathology slides. Since the 2021 update of the World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria, the classification of brain tumors integrates both histopathological and molecular information. We hypothesize that DL can predict molecular alterations as well as WHO subtyping of brain tumors from hematoxylin and eosin-stained histopathology slides.

METHODS: We used weakly supervised DL and applied it to three large cohorts of brain tumor samples, comprising N = 2845 patients.

RESULTS: We found that the key molecular alterations for subtyping, IDH and ATRX, as well as 1p19q codeletion, were predictable from histology with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of 0.95, 0.90, and 0.80 in the training cohort, respectively. These findings were upheld in external validation cohorts with AUROCs of 0.90, 0.79, and 0.87 for prediction of IDH, ATRX, and 1p19q codeletion, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: In the future, such DL-based implementations could ease diagnostic workflows, particularly for situations in which advanced molecular testing is not readily available.


FachzeitschriftNeuro-Oncology Advances
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2023

Externe IDs

PubMed 38106649
PubMedCentral PMC10724115
ORCID /0000-0001-8501-1566/work/150883655



  • adult-type diffuse gliomas, deep learning, IDH, molecular signatures, subtype