Conservative treatment of fingertip injuries in children - first experiences with a novel silicone finger cap that enables woundfluid analysis

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung



Introduction: Human fingertips are able to regenerate soft tissue and skin after amputation injuries with excellent cosmetic and functional results when treated with semiocclusive dressings. Despite bacterial colonizations, proceeding infections are not reported with this management. The underlying mechanisms for this form of regenerative healing as well as for the resilience to infections are not known. Due to the lack of mechanical protection, the leakage of maloderous woundfluid and the sometimes challenging application, conventional film dressings have their problems, especially in treating young children. We therefore treated selected patients with a novel silicone finger cap with an integrated wound fluid reservoir that enables atraumatic routine wound fluid aspiration. Methods: We report on 34 patients in between 1 and 13 years with traumatic fingertip amputations primarily treated with occlusive dressings. 12 patients were treated with a novel silicone finger cap. We summarized clinical data for each patient. This included photographs and microbiological results from wound fluid analyses, whenever available. Results: The results of both, conventional film dressing and silicone finger cap treatment, were excellent with no hypersensitivity and no restrictions in sensibility and motility. Even larger pulp defects were rearranged in a round shape and good soft tissue coverage of the distal phalanx was achieved. Nail deformities were not observed. We detected a wide spectrum of both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria in the wound fluids but infections were not observed. Epithelialization times did not differ significantly and no severe complications were seen in all primarily conservatively treated patients. Conclusion: This study provides preliminary data demonstrating that the treatment with the silicone finger cap leads to excellent clinical results in wound healing. Interestingly, the wounds were colonized with a wide range of bacteria including species that may cause wound infections. However, we saw no proceeding inflammation and the regeneration was undisturbed. In the future, the efficacy of this new management should be evaluated in randomized, controlled clinical trials to confirm the results under standard conditions and get more insight into the role of the wound microbiome as well as other factors that may promote regeneration. The aspirable Reservoir of the finger cap will enable easy atraumatic sampling of wound fluids both for diagnostic and for research purposes as well as possibly allowing direct administration of pro-regenerative drugs in the future.


Seiten (von - bis)Doc05
FachzeitschriftGMS Interdisciplinary plastic and reconstructive surgery DGPW
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2018

Externe IDs

PubMedCentral PMC6218674
ORCID /0000-0003-4633-2695/work/142251234