Few-layer organic nanosheets are becoming increasingly attractive as two-dimensional (2D) materials due to their precise atomic connectivity and tailor-made pores. However, most strategies for synthesizing nanosheets rely on surface-assisted methods or top-down exfoliation of stacked materials. A bottom-up approach with well-designed building blocks would be the convenient pathway to achieve the bulk-scale synthesis of 2D nanosheets with uniform size and crystallinity. Herein, we have synthesized crystalline covalent organic framework nanosheets (CONs) by reacting tetratopic thianthrene tetraaldehyde (THT) and aliphatic diamines. The bent geometry of thianthrene in THT retards the out-of-plane stacking, while the flexible diamines introduce dynamic characteristics into the framework, facilitating nanosheet formation. Successful isoreticulation with five diamines with two to six carbon chain lengths generalizes the design strategy. Microscopic imaging reveals that the odd and even diamine-based CONs transmute to different nanostructures, such as nanotubes and hollow spheres. The single-crystal X-ray diffraction structure of repeating units indicates that the odd-even linker units of diamines introduce irregular-regular curvature in the backbone, aiding such dimensionality conversion. Theoretical calculations shed more light on nanosheet stacking and rolling behavior with respect to the odd-even effects.
|Seiten (von - bis)
|Journal of the American Chemical Society
|Veröffentlicht - 5 Juli 2023