Advanced glycated end-products (AGE) during haemodialysis treatment: discrepant results with different methodologies reflecting the heterogeneity of AGE compounds

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung


  • Universität Heidelberg
  • Technische Universität Dresden
  • Baxter Healthcare Corporation


Background. There has been much recent interest in accumulation of advanced glycation end-products (AGE) in uraemic patients. Analysis of AGE has been difficult, because commonly used methodologies, i.e. immunodetection assays or fluorescence measurements, reflect group reactivity and are not specific for chemically defined substances. Some investigators measured individual AGE compounds, e.g. pentosidine, carboxymethyllysine, pyrraline or imidazolone, but a systematic assessment of known compounds using specific HPLC methods in diabetic and non-diabetic end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients during treatment has not been performed.

Methods. For the present study, the concentrations of early and late products of the Maillard reaction in plasma and ultrafiltrate were monitored during high-flux dialysis sessions in diabetic and non-diabetic patients. AGE were analysed by fluorescence spectroscopy and size exclusion chromatography with fluorescence detection. Specific HPLC methods were used to quantify the Amadori product fructoselysine and the AGE compounds pentosidine and pyrraline in acid or enzymatic hydrolysates.

Results, Using size exclusion chromatography, we confirmed a similar fluorescent peak distribution for diabetic and non-diabetic ESRD patients. Main fractions were found at similar to 70, similar to 14 and

Conclusions. High-flux dialysis reduces the plasma concentration of fluorescent AGE compounds, i.e. pentosidine, but the Amadori product fructoselysine is not removed, indicating that this compound is protein associated.


Seiten (von - bis)1968-1975
FachzeitschriftNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Aug. 1999

Externe IDs

Scopus 0032803735


Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung


  • advanced glycation end-products, diabetes, fluorescence, high-flux haemodialysis, HPLC, Maillard products, pentosidine, MAILLARD REACTION, OXIDATIVE STRESS, RENAL-FAILURE, UREMIA, PENTOSIDINE, PLASMA, SERUM, QUANTIFICATION, HEMODIALYSIS, ENDPRODUCTS