Accelerate postoperative management after scoliosis surgery in healthy and impaired children: intravenous opioid therapy versus epidural therapy

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung

Beitragende

Abstract

PURPOSE: Postoperative pain is a major concern following scoliosis surgery. CEA (continuous epidural analgesia) is established in postoperative pain therapy as well as intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA). The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of both methods.

METHODS: We retrospectively studied 175 children between 8 and 18 years who were subject to posterior scoliosis correction and fusion. Two main cohorts were formed: CEA with local anesthetic and opioids, and IV-PCA with opioids. Both groups further comprised two sub-cohorts: those who were mentally and/or physically healthy (H; n = 93 vs. n = 30) and those who were impaired (I; n = 26 vs. n = 26). The outcome parameters were the demand for pain medication, parameters of mobilization, and the presence of adverse reactions.

RESULTS: Healthy children who received CEA started mobilization 1 day earlier than children with IV-PCA (p = 0.002). First postsurgical defecation was seen earlier in all children who received CEA in both groups (H; Day 4 vs. Day 5, p = 0.011, I; Day 3 vs. Day 5, p = 0.044). Healthy children who received CEA were discharged from hospital 4 days earlier than their IV-PCA counterparts (p < 0.001). No statistically significant difference in postoperative nausea nor in vomiting was identified between groups. Transient neurological irritations were seen in 9.7% of the patients in the CEA group.

CONCLUSIONS: CEA provides appropriate pain management after scoliosis surgery, regardless of the patient's mental status. It allows earlier postoperative defecation for all patients , as well as shorter hospitalization and an earlier mobilization for healthy patients.

Details

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)301-309
Seitenumfang9
FachzeitschriftArchives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery
Jahrgang143
Ausgabenummer1
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Jan. 2023
Peer-Review-StatusJa

Externe IDs

PubMedCentral PMC9886629
Scopus 85111140171

Schlagworte

Schlagwörter

  • Humans, Child, Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use, Scoliosis/surgery, Retrospective Studies, Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy, Analgesia, Epidural/adverse effects, Analgesia, Patient-Controlled/methods, Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/drug therapy

Bibliotheksschlagworte