A systematic review and meta-regression on international trends in the incidence of ulcerative colitis in children and adolescents associated with socioeconomic and geographic factors

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung



The incidence of ulcerative colitis (UC) among children and adolescents is rising globally, albeit with notable discrepancies across countries. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the incidence rates of pediatric UC in various countries and explore potential influencing factors. A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed and EMBASE (via OVID) for studies published between January 1, 1970, and December 31, 2019. Additionally, a manual search was performed to identify relevant systematic reviews. Meta-analyses and meta-regressions were employed to determine the overall incidence rate and examine potential factors that may influence it. A total of 66 studies were included in the qualitative analysis, while 65 studies were included in the meta-analysis and 50 studies were meta-regression. The study reports a rising incidence of pediatric UC in several countries but significant differences across geographic regions, with no discernible global temporal trend. In addition, our meta-regression analysis showed that geographic location and socioeconomic factors significantly influenced the incidence of UC. Conclusion: Our findings indicate a rising incidence of pediatric UC in numerous countries since 1970, but with significant geographical variation, potentially presenting challenges for respective healthcare systems. We have identified geographic and socioeconomic factors that contribute to the observed heterogeneity in incidence rates. These findings provide a foundation for future research and health policies, aiming to tackle the growing burden of UC among children and adolescents. What is Known: • The incidence of ulcerative colitis in childhood and adolescence appears to be increasing worldwide and varies internationally. • Environmental and lifestyle factors are suspected as potential causes. What is New: • Our results highlight that the heterogeneity in incidence rates can be attributed to geographic and socio-economic factors.


Seiten (von - bis)1723-1732
FachzeitschriftEuropean journal of pediatrics
Frühes Online-Datum17 Jan. 2024
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Apr. 2024

Externe IDs

ORCID /0000-0003-0154-2867/work/151434282
ORCID /0000-0003-4373-8147/work/151439007
Scopus 85182420709
ORCID /0000-0002-5577-7760/work/153152107
Mendeley 4e7d1905-1c50-3eea-9c46-2fd62d8ab317



  • Adolescent, Child, Colitis, Ulcerative/epidemiology, Crohn Disease, Geography, Humans, Incidence