Unraveling the influence of trial-based motivational changes on performance monitoring stages in a flanker task

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung



Performance monitoring (PM) is a vital component of adaptive behavior and known to be influenced by motivation. We examined effects of potential gain (PG) and loss avoidance (LA) on neural correlates of PM at different processing stages, using a task with trial-based changes in these motivational contexts. Findings suggest more attention is allocated to the PG context, with higher amplitudes for respective correlates of stimulus and feedback processing. The PG context favored rapid responses, while the LA context emphasized accurate responses. Lower response thresholds in the PG context after correct responses derived from a drift–diffusion model also indicate a more approach-oriented response style in the PG context. This cognitive shift is mirrored in neural correlates: negative feedback in the PG context elicited a higher feedback-related negativity (FRN) and higher theta power, whereas positive feedback in the LA context elicited higher P3a and P3b amplitudes, as well as higher theta power. There was no effect of motivational context on response-locked brain activity. Given the similar frequency of negative feedback in both contexts, the elevated FRN and theta power in PG trials cannot be attributed to variations in reward prediction error. The observed variations in the FRN indicate that the effect of outcome valence is modulated by motivational salience.


FachzeitschriftScientific reports
Jahrgang13 (2023)
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 6 Nov. 2023

Externe IDs

Scopus 85175846704
ORCID /0000-0002-8845-8803/work/147672101
PubMed 37932359


ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete


  • Electroencephalography, Evoked Potentials/physiology, Motivation, Nervous System Physiological Phenomena, Feedback, Psychological/physiology, Reward