The health-related quality of life of sarcoma patients treated with neoadjuvant versus adjuvant radiotherapy – Results of a multi-center observational study

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung

Beitragende

  • Susanne Singer - , Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum (DKFZ) (Autor:in)
  • Sabine Semrau - , Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Autor:in)
  • Henriette Golcher - , Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Autor:in)
  • Katja Fechner - , Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Autor:in)
  • Annett Kallies - , Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Autor:in)
  • Sergio Zapata Bonilla - , Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (Autor:in)
  • Robert Grützmann - , Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Autor:in)
  • Rainer Fietkau - , Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Autor:in)
  • Torsten Kluba - , Communal Hospital (Autor:in)
  • Christina Jentsch - , Technische Universität Dresden, Universitäts KrebsCentrum Dresden (UCC) (Autor:in)
  • Dimosthenis Andreou - , Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Medizinische Universität Graz (Autor:in)
  • Martin Bornhäuser - , Universitäts KrebsCentrum Dresden, Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik I (Autor:in)
  • Jochen Schmitt - , Zentrum für evidenzbasierte Gesundheitsversorgung, Nationales Centrum für Tumorerkrankungen (Partner: UKD, MFD, HZDR, DKFZ), Technische Universität Dresden (Autor:in)
  • Markus K. Schuler - , Technische Universität Dresden (Autor:in)
  • Martin Eichler - , Universitäts KrebsCentrum Dresden (Autor:in)

Abstract

Aim: The sequence of radiotherapy and resection in patients with soft tissue sarcomas is usually discussed on an individual basis. Better understanding of potential differences of health-related quality of life (QoL) between patients undergoing adjuvant (ART) versus neoadjuvant radiotherapy (NART) is therefore helpful for clinical decision making. Methods: Adult sarcoma patients from 39 hospitals completed the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Core Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30). Differences in global QoL, physical functioning, role functioning, fatigue, pain, and insomnia between ART versus NART were investigated with multivariate regression, adjusting for age, gender, chemotherapy, grading, stage, tumor location, recurrence/distant metastasis, sarcoma type, time since last treatment, and treatment status using validated thresholds. Results: A total of 1110 patients participated. Of them, 340 had received radiotherapy (NART: n = 95, 28%; ART: n = 245, 72%). Global QoL was 59.3 on average after NART and 60.5 after ART (Badj = 1.0, p = 0.74). Physical functioning was 65.9 compared to 70.5 (Badj = 4.2; p = 0.16), role function 48.8 vs. 56.7 (Badj = 7.0, p = 0.08), fatigue 47.5 vs. 45.4 (Badj = -1.2; p = 0.71), pain 40.2 vs. 34.1 (Badj = -6.8; p = 0.08), and insomnia 33.7 vs. 41.6 (Badj = 5.5, p = 0.16). Among patients with NART, clinically relevant QoL impairments were less frequent 2 years after treatment compared to < 2 years thereafter (n = 6 vs. n = 4 on average). Conclusion: There is little evidence for QoL differences in most domains and overall QoL between the two irradiation groups. However, patients after NART might experience worse role functioning and pain but fewer problems with insomnia compared to patients after ART.

Details

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer109913
Seitenumfang9
FachzeitschriftRadiotherapy and oncology
Jahrgang189
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Dez. 2023
Peer-Review-StatusJa

Externe IDs

PubMed 37739319
ORCID /0000-0001-9654-2207/work/146646073

Schlagworte

Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung

Schlagwörter

  • Leiomyosarcoma, Liposarcoma, Neoadjuvant Therapy, Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue, Patient Reported Outcome Measures, Radiotherapy, Adjuvant, Humans, Radiotherapy, Adjuvant/adverse effects, Neoadjuvant Therapy/adverse effects, Male, Pain/etiology, Sarcoma/radiotherapy, Quality of Life, Adult, Female, Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/etiology