The divDiv-complex and applications to biharmonic equations

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung



It is shown that the first biharmonic boundary value problem on a topologically trivial domain in 3D is equivalent to three (consecutively to solve) second-order problems. This decomposition result is based on a Helmholtz-like decomposition of an involved non-standard Sobolev space of tensor fields and a proper characterization of the operator (Formula presented.) acting on this space. Similar results for biharmonic problems in 2D and their impact on the construction and analysis of finite element methods have been recently published in Krendl et al. [A decomposition result for biharmonic problems and the Hellan–Herrmann–Johnson method. Electron Trans Numer Anal. 2016;45:257–282]. The discussion of the kernel of (Formula presented.) leads to (de Rham-like) closed and exact Hilbert complexes, the (Formula presented.) -complex and its adjoint the (Formula presented.) -complex, involving spaces of trace-free and symmetric tensor fields. For these tensor fields, we show Helmholtz type decompositions and, most importantly, new compact embedding results. Almost all our results hold and are formulated for general bounded strong Lipschitz domains of arbitrary topology. There is no reasonable doubt that our results extend to strong Lipschitz domains in (Formula presented.).


Seiten (von - bis)1579-1630
Fachzeitschrift Applicable analysis : an international journal
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 3 Juli 2020

Externe IDs

ORCID /0000-0003-4155-7297/work/145224231
WOS 000544485400007


ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete


  • Biharmonic equations, Helmholtz decomposition, Hilbert complexes