Salivary alpha-amylase response following repeated psychosocial stress in patients with panic disorder
Publikation: Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift › Forschungsartikel › Beigetragen › Begutachtung
BACKGROUND: This study examined autonomic responses (salivary alpha-amylase, sAA; heart rate, HR) to repeated psychosocial stress as a candidate mechanism linking autonomic hyper-arousal and sensitization to the occurrence of panic disorder (PD).
METHODS: Thirty-three patients with PD and 34 healthy controls were exposed to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) twice on consecutive days.
RESULTS: sAA changes were comparable between PD and controls on both testing days with overall decreasing sAA responses (delta) on day two. In contrast, HR delta increased on day two in both groups. This sensitization was driven by female controls while male PD showed most pronounced HR changes to the first TSST.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, a general autonomic hyper-arousal in PD could not be confirmed. In contrast, sAA responses slightly habituated to repeated stress. Whether sAA findings mirror assumed habituation effects of repeated stress exposure on normalizing autonomic reactivity remains to be investigated in longitudinal studies.
|Seiten (von - bis)||54-63|
|Fachzeitschrift||Journal of Anxiety Disorders|
|Publikationsstatus||Veröffentlicht - Jan. 2016|
- Adolescent, Adult, Analysis of Variance, Arousal/physiology, Autonomic Nervous System/physiology, Biomarkers/metabolism, Case-Control Studies, Female, Heart Rate/physiology, Humans, Hydrocortisone/metabolism, Male, Middle Aged, Panic Disorder/metabolism, Saliva/enzymology, Salivary alpha-Amylases/metabolism, Stress, Psychological/metabolism, Young Adult, TSST