Olfactory function after mild traumatic brain injury in children—a longitudinal case control study

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung



The prevalence of posttraumatic olfactory dysfunction in children after mild traumatic brain injury ranges from 3 to 58%, with potential factors influencing this variation, including traumatic brain injury severity and assessment methods. This prospective longitudinal study examines the association between mild traumatic brain injury and olfactory dysfunction in children. Seventy-five pediatric patients with mild traumatic brain injury and an age-matched healthy control group were enrolled. Olfactory function was assessed using the Sniffin’ Sticks battery, which focuses on olfactory threshold and odor identification. The study found that children with mild traumatic brain injury had impaired olfactory function compared with healthy controls, particularly in olfactory threshold scores. The prevalence of olfactory dysfunction in the patient group was 33% and persisted for 1 yr. No significant association was found between traumatic brain injury symptoms (e.g. amnesia, loss of consciousness) and olfactory dysfunction. The study highlights the importance of assessing olfactory function in children after mild traumatic brain injury, given its potential impact on daily life. Although most olfactory dysfunction appears transient, long-term follow-up is essential to fully understand the recovery process. The findings add valuable insights to the limited literature on this topic and urge the inclusion of olfactory assessments in the management of pediatric mild traumatic brain injury.


FachzeitschriftCerebral cortex
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1 Apr. 2024

Externe IDs

PubMed 38629798
ORCID /0000-0002-7336-5815/work/160048993



  • children, olfaction, posttraumatic olfactory dysfunction, traumatic brain injury, Prospective Studies, Humans, Brain Concussion/complications, Case-Control Studies, Odorants, Smell, Brain Injuries, Traumatic/complications, Child, Longitudinal Studies, Olfaction Disorders/etiology