N-Heteroacenes as a New Class of Non-Fullerene Electron Acceptors for Organic Bulk-Heterojunction Photovoltaic Devices

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung


  • Vincent Lami - , Universität Heidelberg (Autor:in)
  • David Leibold - , Universität Heidelberg (Autor:in)
  • Paul Fassl - , Universität Heidelberg (Autor:in)
  • Yvonne J. Hofstetter - , Universität Heidelberg (Autor:in)
  • David Becker-Koch - , Universität Heidelberg (Autor:in)
  • Philipp Biegger - , Universität Heidelberg (Autor:in)
  • Fabian Paulus - , Universität Heidelberg (Autor:in)
  • Paul E. Hopkinson - , Universität Heidelberg (Autor:in)
  • Michael Adams - , Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Autor:in)
  • Uwe H.F. Bunz - , Universität Heidelberg (Autor:in)
  • Sven Huettner - , Universität Bayreuth (Autor:in)
  • Ian Howard - , Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Autor:in)
  • Artem A. Bakulin - , Imperial College London (Autor:in)
  • Yana Vaynzof - , Universität Heidelberg (Autor:in)


Herein, we present the first investigation of N-heteroacenes as acceptors in bulk-heterojunction solar cells. The optical and electronic properties of tetraazapentacene (TIPS-TAP), triptycenyl-tetraazapentacene (TIPS-TAP-1T), and bistriptycenyl-tetraazapentacene (TIPS-TAP-2T) compounds are characterized by UV-vis, photothermal deflection, and ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopies. We compare the photovoltaic performance of the N-heteroacenes and find that cells with TIPS-TAP-2T significantly outperform the other derivatives, achieving a power conversion efficiency of 2.5% without extensive optimization or processing additives. We characterize the morphology and order within the active layer by atomic force microscopy and grazing incidence wide-angle scattering measurements, and find that blends with TIPS-TAP result in a gross phase separation driven by its strong crystallization. The substitution with triptycenyl units suppresses this crystallization resulting in amorphous films with a finer intermixing and a smooth surface structure. Finally, we investigate the photophysics of charge separation at the donor/acceptor interface and find that it is fundamentally different from the “conventional” polymer-fullerene systems. In blends with the tetraazapentacene derivatives, exciton dissociation is relatively slow and charge separation is strongly field dependent. We observe improved charge generation and significantly reduced recombination for TIPS-TAP-2T as compared to the other derivatives, which in combination with the improved film microstructure is responsible for the enhanced photovoltaic performance.


FachzeitschriftSolar RRL
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1 Juni 2017
Extern publiziertJa