AIMS: Physical activity is one of the most potent strategies to prevent endothelial dysfunction. Recent evidence suggests vaso-protective properties of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) produced by main endothelial NADPH oxidase isoform 4 (Nox4) in the vasculature. Therefore, we hypothesized that Nox4 connects physical activity with vaso-protective effects.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Analysis of the endothelial function using Mulvany Myograph showed endothelial dysfunction in wild-type (WT) as well as in C57BL/6J/ Nox4-/- (Nox4-/-) mice after 20 weeks on high-fat diet (HFD). Access to running wheels during the HFD prevented endothelial dysfunction in WT but not in Nox4-/- mice. Mechanistically, exercise led to an increased H2O2 release in the aorta of WT mice with increased phosphorylation of eNOS pathway member AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 (AKT1). Both H2O2 release and phosphorylation of AKT1 were diminished in aortas of Nox4-/- mice. Deletion of Nox4 also resulted in lower intracellular calcium release proven by reduced phenylephrine-mediated contraction, whilst potassium-induced contraction was not affected. H2O2 scavenger catalase reduced phenylephrine-induced contraction in WT mice. Supplementing H2O2 increased phenylephrine-induced contraction in Nox4-/- mice. Exercise-induced peroxisome proliferative-activated receptor gamma, coactivator 1 alpha (Ppargc1a), as key regulator of mitochondria biogenesis in WT but not Nox4-/- mice. Furthermore, exercise-induced citrate synthase activity and mitochondria mass were reduced in the absence of Nox4. Thus, Nox4-/- mice became less active and ran less compared with WT mice.
CONCLUSIONS: Nox4 derived H2O2 plays a key role in exercise-induced adaptations of eNOS and Ppargc1a pathway and intracellular calcium release. Hence, loss of Nox4 diminished physical activity performance and vascular protective effects of exercise.
|Seiten (von - bis)||1767-1778|
|Publikationsstatus||Veröffentlicht - 1 Aug. 2020|
Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung
- Animals, Disease Models, Animal, Endothelium, Vascular/enzymology, Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism, Male, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Mitochondria/enzymology, NADPH Oxidase 4/genetics, Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/metabolism, Obesity/enzymology, Organelle Biogenesis, Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator 1-alpha/metabolism, Phosphorylation, Physical Conditioning, Animal, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism, Running, Signal Transduction, Vascular Diseases/enzymology, Vasoconstriction