Modulation of sarcomere organization during embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocyte differentiation

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung


  • Kaomei Guan - , Institut für Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (Autor:in)
  • Dieter O. Furst - , Universität Potsdam (Autor:in)
  • Anna M. Wobus - , Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (Autor:in)


Mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells, when cultivated as embryoid bodies, differentiate in vitro into cardiomyocytes of ventricle-, atrium- and pacemaker-like cell types characterized by developmentally controlled expression of cardiac-specific genes, structural proteins and ion channels. Using this model system, we show here, (1) that during cardiac myofibrillogenesis sarcomeric proteins are organized in a developmentally regulated manner following the order: titin (Z-disk), α-actinin, myomesin, titin (M-band), myosin heavy chain, α-actin, cardiac troponin T and M-protein, recapitulating the sarcomeric organization in the chicken embryonal heart in vivo. Our data support the view that the formation of I-Z-I complexes is developmentally delayed with respect to A-band assembly. We show (2) that the process of cardiogenic differentiation in vitro is influenced by medium components: Using a culture medium supplemented with glucose, amino acids, vitamins and selenium ions, we were able to increase the efficiency of cardiac differentiation of wild-type, as well as of β1 integrin-deficient (B1(-/-)) ES cells, and to improve the degree of organization of sarcomeric structures in wild-type and in β1(-/-) cardiac cells. The data demonstrate the plasticity of cardiogenesis during the differentiation of wild-type and of genetically modified ES cells.


Seiten (von - bis)813-823
FachzeitschriftEuropean journal of cell biology
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1999

Externe IDs

PubMed 10604658



  • Cardiomyocytes, Mouse embryionic stem cells, Myofibrillogenesis, Sarcomeres, β integrin