All-solid-state lithium–sulfur batteries (ASSB-LiS batteries) are considered among advanced candidates for next-generation energy storage systems, as they break with restrictions and limitations that liquid electrolytes impose on lithium-ion batteries and lithium-sulfur batteries (LiS-batteries), meaning enhanced safety and higher energy densities. However, investigations under realistic conditions on pouch cell level are challenging, as it is necessary to implement a scalable preparation method for sheet-type cathodes with high sulfur utilization and loading. In this study, a solvent-free process to prepare free-standing cathode sheets with low binder content down to 0.1 wt% PTFE is demonstrated. The contribution of binder and electrolyte on the conversion reaction of sulfur is discussed. Sheet-type cathodes reach nearly theoretical sulfur utilization of 1672 mAh gS−1 and outstanding reversible capacity retention with 72% of initial discharge capacity after 400 cycles by adapting cut-off voltages to the stability window of the electrolyte. Furthermore, an all-solid-state pouch cell is demonstrated using the dry-film cathode, which is successfully tested for 50 cycles at different C-rates. Thickness monitoring of the cell stack gives fundamental insights into the volume change and breathing behavior of both cathode and anode.
|Advanced sustainable systems
|3 Feb. 2023
|Veröffentlicht - Apr. 2023
Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung
- all-solid-state batteries, electrode sheets, lithium–sulfur batteries, low binder amount, solid electrolytes, solvent-free processing, thiophosphate electrolytes, Low binder amount, Solvent-free processing, All-solid-state batteries, Thiophosphate electrolytes, Lithium-sulfur batteries, Solid electrolytes, Electrode sheets