Making waves: The NORMAN antibiotic resistant bacteria and resistance genes database (NORMAN ARB&ARG)–An invitation for collaboration to tackle antibiotic resistance

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftÜbersichtsartikel (Review)BeigetragenBegutachtung


  • Nikiforos Alygizakis - , Environmental Institute, Slovakia, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (Autor:in)
  • Kelsey Ng - , Environmental Institute, Slovakia, Masaryk University (Autor:in)
  • Ľuboš Čirka - , Slovak University of Technology (Autor:in)
  • Thomas Berendonk - , Professur für Limnologie (Gewässerökologie) (Autor:in)
  • Francisco Cerqueira - , Austrian Institute of Technology, Instituto de Diagnostico Ambiental y Estudios del Agua (IDAEA-CSIC) (Autor:in)
  • Eddie Cytryn - , Agricultural Research Organization of Israel (Autor:in)
  • Geneviève Deviller - , DERAC Consultancy (Autor:in)
  • Gianuario Fortunato - , Universidade Católica Portuguesa (Autor:in)
  • Iakovos C. Iakovides - , University of Cyprus (Autor:in)
  • Ioannis Kampouris - , Julius Kühn Institute - Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants (Autor:in)
  • Irene Michael-Kordatou - , University of Cyprus (Autor:in)
  • Foon Yin Lai - , Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (Autor:in)
  • Lian Lundy - , Luleå University of Technology (Autor:in)
  • Celia M. Manaia - , Universidade Católica Portuguesa (Autor:in)
  • Roberto B.M. Marano - , Agricultural Research Organization of Israel (Autor:in)
  • Gabriela K. Paulus - , KWR Watercycle Research Institute, Technische Universität Delft,, Inc. (Autor:in)
  • Benjamin Piña - , Instituto de Diagnostico Ambiental y Estudios del Agua (IDAEA-CSIC) (Autor:in)
  • Elena Radu - , Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Romanian Academy, Technische Universitat Wien (Autor:in)
  • Luigi Rizzo - , University of Salerno (Autor:in)
  • Katarzyna Ślipko - , Technische Universitat Wien (Autor:in)
  • Norbert Kreuzinger - , Technische Universitat Wien (Autor:in)
  • Nikolaos S. Thomaidis - , National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (Autor:in)
  • Valentina Ugolini - , Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (Autor:in)
  • Ivone Vaz-Moreira - , Universidade Católica Portuguesa (Autor:in)
  • Jaroslav Slobodnik - , Environmental Institute, Slovakia (Autor:in)
  • Despo Fatta-Kassinos - , University of Cyprus (Autor:in)


With the global concerns on antibiotic resistance (AR) as a public health issue, it is pivotal to have data exchange platforms for studies on antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment. For this purpose, the NORMAN Association is hosting the NORMAN ARB&ARG database, which was developed within the European project ANSWER. The present article provides an overview on the database functionalities, the extraction and the contribution of data to the database. In this study, AR data from three studies from China and Nepal were extracted and imported into the NORMAN ARB&ARG in addition to the existing AR data from 11 studies (mainly European studies) on the database. This feasibility study demonstrates how the scientific community can share their data on AR to generate an international evidence base to inform AR mitigation strategies. The open and FAIR data are of high potential relevance for regulatory applications, including the development of emission limit values / environmental quality standards in relation to AR. The growth in sharing of data and analytical methods will foster collaboration on risk management of AR worldwide, and facilitate the harmonization in the effort for identification and surveillance of critical hotspots of AR. The NORMAN ARB&ARG database is publicly available at:


FachzeitschriftWater research
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 15 Juni 2024

Externe IDs

PubMed 38723350
ORCID /0000-0002-9301-1803/work/161409845


Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung


  • Antibiotic resistance genes, Antibiotic resistant bacteria, Wastewater reuse practises, Wastewater treatment plant, Genes, Bacterial, Bacteria/genetics, China, Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics, Drug Resistance, Microbial/genetics, Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology