Incorporating Conducting Polypyrrole into a Polyimide COF for Carbon-Free Ultra-High Energy Supercapacitor

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung


  • Sattwick Haldar - , Professur für Anorganische Chemie (I) (AC1), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (Autor:in)
  • Deepak Rase - , Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (Autor:in)
  • Pragalbh Shekhar - , Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (Autor:in)
  • Chitvan Jain - , Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (Autor:in)
  • Chathakudath Prabhakaran Vinod - , CSIR - Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (Autor:in)
  • En Zhang - , Professur für Anorganische Chemie (I) (AC1) (Autor:in)
  • Leonid Shupletsov - , Technische Universität Dresden (Autor:in)
  • Stefan Kaskel - , Professur für Anorganische Chemie (I) (AC1) (Autor:in)
  • Ramanathan Vaidhyanathan - , Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (Autor:in)


Redox-active covalent organic frameworks (COFs) store charges but possess inadequate electronic conductivity. Their capacitive action works by storing H+ ions in an acidic electrolyte and is typically confined to a small voltage window (0–1 V). Increasing this window means higher energy and power density, but this risks COF stability. Advantageously, COF's large pores allow the storage of polarizable bulky ions under a wider voltage thus reaching higher energy density. Here, a COF–electrode–electrolyte system operating at a high voltage regime without any conducting carbon or redox active oxides is presented. Conducting polypyrrole (Ppy) chains are synthesized within a polyimide COF to gain electronic conductivity (≈10 000-fold). A carbon-free quasi-solid-state capacitor assembled using this composite showcases high pseudo-capacitance (358 mF cm−2@1 mA cm−2) in an aqueous gel electrolyte. The synergy among the redox-active polyimide COF, polypyrrole and organic electrolytes allows a wide-voltage window (0–2.5 V) leading to high energy (145 μWh cm−2) and power densities (4509 μW cm−2). Amalgamating the polyimide-COF and the polypyrrole as one material minimizes the charge and mass transport resistances. Computation and experiments reveal that even a partial translation of the modules/monomers intrinsic electronics to the COF imparts excellent electrochemical activity. The findings unveil COF-confined polymers as carbon-free energy storage materials.


FachzeitschriftAdvanced energy materials
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 8 Sept. 2022

Externe IDs

unpaywall 10.1002/aenm.202200754


Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung


  • carbon free capacitors, cation–anion co-storage, conductivity, high energy capacitors, polypyrrole doped COFs