Image-based crack detection methods: A review

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftÜbersichtsartikel (Review)BeigetragenBegutachtung


  • Hafiz Suliman Munawar - , University of New South Wales (Autor:in)
  • Ahmed W.A. Hammad - , University of New South Wales (Autor:in)
  • Assed Haddad - , Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (Autor:in)
  • Carlos Alberto Pereira Soares - , Universidade Federal Fluminense (Autor:in)
  • S. Travis Waller - , University of New South Wales (Autor:in)


Annually, millions of dollars are spent to carry out defect detection in key infrastructure including roads, bridges, and buildings. The aftermath of natural disasters like floods and earthquakes leads to severe damage to the urban infrastructure. Maintenance operations that follow for the damaged infrastructure often involve a visual inspection and assessment of their state to ensure their functional and physical integrity. Such damage may appear in the form of minor or major cracks, which gradually spread, leading to ultimate collapse or destruction of the structure. Crack detection is a very laborious task if performed via manual visual inspection. Many infrastructure elements need to be checked regularly and it is therefore not feasible as it will require significant human resources. This may also result in cases where cracks go undetected. A need, therefore, exists for performing automatic defect detection in infrastructure to ensure its effectiveness and reliability. Using image processing techniques, the captured or scanned images of the infrastructure parts can be analyzed to identify any possible defects. Apart from image processing, machine learning methods are being increasingly applied to ensure better performance outcomes and robustness in crack detection. This paper provides a review of image-based crack detection techniques which implement image processing and/or machine learning. A total of 30 research articles have been collected for the review which is published in top tier journals and conferences in the past decade. A comprehensive analysis and comparison of these methods are performed to highlight the most promising automated approaches for crack detection.


PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Aug. 2021
Extern publiziertJa

Externe IDs

ORCID /0000-0002-2939-2090/work/141543767



  • Artificial intelligence, Crack detection, Image processing, Machine learning