GLP-1 in patients with myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock-an IABP-SHOCK II-substudy

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung


  • Michael Lehrke - , Universitätsklinikum Aachen (Autor:in)
  • Georg Fuernau - , Medizinische Hochschule Brandenburg Theodor Fontane (Autor:in)
  • Christian Jung - , Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf (Autor:in)
  • Florian Kahles - , Universitätsklinikum Aachen (Autor:in)
  • Julia Moellmann - , Universitätsklinikum Aachen (Autor:in)
  • Ingo Eitel - , Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein Campus Lübeck (Autor:in)
  • Nathalie Thelemann - , Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein Campus Lübeck (Autor:in)
  • Steffen Desch - , Herzzentrum Leipzig (Autor:in)
  • Karl Werdan - , Universitätsklinikum Halle (Autor:in)
  • Uwe Zeymer - , Medizinische Klinik (Autor:in)
  • Volker Adams - , Medizinische Klinik mit Schwerpunkt Kardiologie (am Herzzentrum), The Laboratory for Experimental and Molecular Cardiology (Autor:in)
  • Nikolaus Marx - , Universitätsklinikum Aachen (Autor:in)
  • Holger Thiele - , Herzzentrum Leipzig (Autor:in)


BACKGROUND: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a gut-derived peptide secreted in response to nutritional and inflammatory stimuli. Elevated GLP-1 levels predict adverse outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction or sepsis. GLP-1 holds cardioprotective effects and GLP-1 receptor agonists reduce cardiovascular events in high-risk patients with diabetes. In this study, we aimed to investigate the capacity of GLP-1 to predict outcome in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) complicating myocardial infarction.

METHODS: Circulating GLP-1 levels were serially assessed in 172 individuals during index PCI and day 2 in a prospectively planned biomarker substudy of the IABP-SHOCK II trial. All-cause mortality at short- (30 days), intermediate- (1 year), and long-term (6 years) follow-up was used for outcome assessment.

RESULTS: Patients with fatal short-term outcome (n = 70) exhibited higher GLP-1 levels [86 (interquartile range 45-130) pM] at ICU admission in comparison to patients with 30-day survival [48 (interquartile range 33-78) pM; p < 0.001] (n = 102). Repeated measures ANOVA revealed a significant interaction of GLP-1 dynamics from baseline to day 2 between survivors and non-survivors (p = 0.04). GLP-1 levels above vs. below the median proved to be predictive for short- [hazard ratio (HR) 2.43; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.50-3.94; p < 0.001], intermediate- [HR 2.46; 95% CI 1.62-3.76; p < 0.001] and long-term [HR 2.12; 95% CI 1.44-3.11; p < 0.001] outcome by multivariate Cox-regression analysis.

CONCLUSION: Elevated plasma levels of GLP-1 are an independent predictor for impaired prognosis in patients with myocardial infarction complicated by CS. The functional relevance of GLP-1 in this context is currently unknown and needs further investigations.


CLINICALTRIALS: gov Identifier: NCT00491036.


FachzeitschriftClinical Research in Cardiology
PublikationsstatusElektronische Veröffentlichung vor Drucklegung - 3 Jan. 2024

Externe IDs

Scopus 85181243777


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