Establishment and Molecular Characterization of an In Vitro Model for PARPi-Resistant Ovarian Cancer

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung



Overcoming PARPi resistance is a high clinical priority. We established and characterized comparative in vitro models of acquired PARPi resistance, derived from either a BRCA1-proficient or BRCA1-deficient isogenic background by long-term exposure to olaparib. While parental cell lines already exhibited a certain level of intrinsic activity of multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins, resulting PARPi-resistant cells from both models further converted toward MDR. In both models, the PARPi-resistant phenotype was shaped by (i) cross-resistance to other PARPis (ii) impaired susceptibility toward the formation of DNA-platinum adducts upon exposure to cisplatin, which could be reverted by the drug efflux inhibitors verapamil or diphenhydramine, and (iii) reduced PARP-trapping activity. However, the signature and activity of ABC-transporter expression and the cross-resistance spectra to other chemotherapeutic drugs considerably diverged between the BRCA1-proficient vs. BRCA1-deficient models. Using dual-fluorescence co-culture experiments, we observed that PARPi-resistant cells had a competitive disadvantage over PARPi-sensitive cells in a drug-free medium. However, they rapidly gained clonal dominance under olaparib selection pressure, which could be mitigated by the MRP1 inhibitor MK-751. Conclusively, we present a well-characterized in vitro model, which could be instrumental in dissecting mechanisms of PARPi resistance from HR-proficient vs. HR-deficient background and in studying clonal dynamics of PARPi-resistant cells in response to experimental drugs, such as novel olaparib-sensitizers.


PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Aug. 2023

Externe IDs

PubMed 37568590
PubMedCentral PMC10417418


Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung

ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete


  • cisplatin, ovarian cancer, PARPi resistance