Epithelial immune regulation of inflammatory airway diseases: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP)

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftÜbersichtsartikel (Review)BeigetragenBegutachtung

Beitragende

  • Ludger Klimek - , Zentrum für Rhinologie und Allergologie Wiesbaden (Autor:in)
  • Jan Hagemann - , Universitätsklinikum Mainz (Autor:in)
  • Hans-Jürgen Welkoborsky - , Clinic for Ear (Autor:in)
  • Mandy Cuevas - , Klinik und Poliklinik für Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde (Autor:in)
  • Ingrid Casper - , Zentrum für Rhinologie und Allergologie Wiesbaden (Autor:in)
  • Ulrike Förster-Ruhrmann - , Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Autor:in)
  • Felix Klimek - , Zentrum für Rhinologie und Allergologie Wiesbaden (Autor:in)
  • Constantin A Hintschich - , Universitätsklinikum Regensburg (Autor:in)
  • Tilman Huppertz - , Universitätsklinikum Mainz (Autor:in)
  • Christoph Bergmann - , Klinik RKM 740 (Autor:in)
  • Peter-Valentin Tomazic - , Medizinische Universität Graz (Autor:in)
  • Sven Becker - , Universitätsklinikum Tübingen (Autor:in)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The epithelial immune regulation is an essential and protective feature of the barrier function of the mucous membranes of the airways. Damage to the epithelial barrier can result in chronic inflammatory diseases, such as chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) or bronchial asthma. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a central regulator in the epithelial barrier function and is associated with type 2 (T2) and non-T2 inflammation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The immunology of chronic rhinosinusitis with polyposis nasi (CRSwNP) was analyzed in a literature search, and the existing evidence was determined through searches in Medline, Pubmed as well as the national and international study and guideline registers and the Cochrane Library. Human studies or studies on human cells that were published between 2010 and 2020 and in which the immune mechanisms of TSLP in T2 and non-T2 inflammation were examined were considered.

RESULTS: TSLP is an epithelial cytokine (alarmin) and a central regulator of the immune reaction, especially in the case of chronic airway inflammation. Induction of TSLP is implicated in the pathogenesis of many diseases like CRS and triggers a cascade of subsequent inflammatory reactions.

CONCLUSION: Treatment with TSLP-blocking monoclonal antibodies could therefore open up interesting therapeutic options. The long-term safety and effectiveness of TSLP blockade has yet to be investigated.

Details

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)148-166
Seitenumfang19
FachzeitschriftAllergologie select
Jahrgang6
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2022
Peer-Review-StatusJa

Externe IDs

PubMedCentral PMC9097524

Schlagworte

Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung