There is an increasing interest in irradiation to control restenosis after balloon angioplasty by an internal radioactive source. Differences in radiosensitivity of the predominant cells of the human coronary artery (i.e. endothelial cells (HCAEC), smooth muscle cells from the media (HCMSMC) and from plaque material (HCPSMC), are issues of controversal discussion. Therefore, we investigated the graded inhibition of cells by irradiation from a balloon catheter filled with a high-energy beta-emitter (Rhenium-188) in vitro. HCPSMC, HCMSMC and HCAEC were cultured and irradiated with increasing dose from 7.5 to 37.5 Gy at a dose rate of 1.5 ± 0.3 Gy/min. After irradiation, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) was added and cells were fixed 18 h later. In a limited field opposite to the balloon, the number of BrdU- positive cells were analysed in comparison to non-irradiated controls. Significant inhibition was demonstrated in HCPSMC and HCMSMC at 7.5 Gy while HCAEC needed 22.5 Gy for similar effects. The antiproliferative effect was dose dependent in all cell strains. The effect of irradiation with 22.5 Gy on smooth muscle α-actin, vimentin, and α-tubulin of HCPSMC and HCMSMC and on von Willebrand factor (vWF), vimentin, and α-tubulin of HCAEC was investigated by means of indirect immunofluorescence. Within 18 h after irradiation no effect on cytoskeletal components and vWF was documented. This in vitro study demonstrates that irradiation inhibits HCMSMC and HCPSMC at lower dose rates compared to HCAEC. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
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|Veröffentlicht - 1 Sept. 2000