Triple-NOON states are superpositions of the form eiφ1|N,0,0)+eiφ2|0,N,0)+eiφ3|0,0,N) involving N bosonic quanta distributed over three modes. We theoretically show how such highly entangled states can be generated with interacting ultracold bosonic atoms in a symmetric three-site lattice. The basic protocol consists in preparing all atoms on one site of the lattice and then letting the system evolve during a specific time such that collective tunneling of the atoms to the other two sites takes place. The key point put forward here is that this evolution time can be reduced by several orders of magnitude via the application of a periodic driving of the lattice, thereby rendering this protocol feasible in practice. This driving is suitably tuned such that classical chaos is generated in the entire accessible phase space except for the Planck cells that host the states participating at the above triple-NOON superposition. Chaos-Assisted tunneling can then give rise to a dramatic speedup of this collective tunneling process, without significantly affecting the purity of this superposition. A triple-NOON state containing N=5 particles can thereby be realized with Rb87 atoms on timescales of the order of a few seconds.
|Fachzeitschrift||Physical Review A|
|Publikationsstatus||Veröffentlicht - 5 Juli 2022|