Comorbid cerebral amyloid angiopathy in dementia and prodromal stages—Prevalence and effects on cognition

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung



OBJECTIVES: To determine the contribution of cerebral amyloid angiopathy to cognitive impairment in MCI and dementia.

METHODS: Patients with subjective memory impairment (SMI), amnestic and non-amnestic mild cognitive impairment ((n)aMCI), Alzheimer's disease (AD), mixed and vascular dementia (MD/VD) from our memory clinic were included in this retrospective analysis. Patients underwent neuropsychological testing and cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Magnetic resonance imaging data sets were analyzed regarding the presence of CAA-related MRI biomarkers to determine CAA prevalence. ANOVAs were used to investigate the contribution of CAA to cognitive impairment within diagnostic groups and to determine whether differences in cognitive test performance between the diagnostic groups are mediated by total CAA burden.

RESULTS: 475 patients (222 male, 253 female) with SMI (n = 47), naMCI (n = 41), aMCI (n = 189), early AD (n = 9), AD (n = 114), MD (n = 71) and VD (n = 4) were included. Mean age was 73.2 (9.9) years. CAA prevalence was 14.9% in SMI, 14.6% in naMCI, 24.3% in aMCI, 22.2% in early onset AD, 18.4% in late onset AD, 46.5% in MD and 25% in VD. Patients with possible and probable CAA were older than patients without CAA. In particular, diagnosis of aMCI, early onset AD, MD and VD showed high CAA prevalence. In AD but not in aMCI, CAA diagnosis significantly influenced test performance in the CERAD word list recall (F (1,78) = 4505; p = 0.037; partial eta-square = 0.055). Differences in cognitive test performance between the diagnostic groups of naMCI, aMCI, AD and MD were mediated by total CAA burden within AAT simply nouns subtest (F (2,39) = 4059; p = 0.025; partial eta-square = 0.172) and in CERAD verbal fluency test (F (3,129) = 3533; p = 0.017; partial eta-square = 0.076).

CONCLUSION: This retrospective analysis demonstrates high prevalence rates of CAA in cognitive diagnoses. Our data suggest that comorbid CAA independently impacts cognitive test performance in the course of AD with presumably stage-dependent effects. Especially in patients with AD comorbid CAA additionally impairs memory function. Total CAA small vessel disease burden further modulates psychometric differences in cognitive test performance between diagnostic groups regarding word finding and word fluency capabilities.


FachzeitschriftInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Okt. 2023

Externe IDs

ORCID /0000-0002-2936-5180/work/147674486
Scopus 85174630711
PubMed 37847104
ORCID /0000-0002-1511-8904/work/151982543


Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung


  • Alzheimer's disease, cerebral amyoid agiopathy, cognition, mild cognitive impairment, mixed dementia, Prevalence, Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy/complications, Cognitive Dysfunction/epidemiology, Humans, Male, Cognition, Prodromal Symptoms, Neuropsychological Tests, Memory Disorders, Alzheimer Disease/psychology, Female, Aged, Retrospective Studies